The conviction that the U.S. regime is perpetrating a massive cover-up of extraterrestrial visits to the planet has larn the source of roughshod battles over the validity of the so-called “MJ-12” documents.
In 1987, William Moore together with Stanton Friedman, ii prominent ufologists, along amongst Jamie Shandera, a television receiver producer, claimed to have got come upward into possession of an eight-page document classified “TOPIC SECRET/MAJIC-EYES ONLY.” The subtitle read “BRIEFING DOCUMENT: OPERATION MAJESTIC-12; PREPARED FOR PRESIDENT-ELECT DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER,” together with was dated eighteen Nov 1952. “Majestic–12” was after shortened to “MAJIC-12,” or simply “MJ-12.”
This document supposedly contained proof of a regime computer program initiated past times President Harry Truman together with directed past times twelve military, scientific, together with tidings community leaders to bargain amongst the recovery of an alien spacecraft that wrecked close Roswell, New Mexico.
Authorities supposedly discovered iv dead aliens who had ejected from the arts and crafts earlier it crashed. Although the bodies were inwards a terra firma of decomposition, plenty remained to endure preserved, collected, together with taken to regime laboratories for analysis together with study.
Among the twelve members of MJ-12 were Vannevar Bush together with James Forrestal, who died inwards May 1949 together with whose vacancy was left unfilled. Forrestal supposedly was directed past times Truman inwards May 1947 to “proceed amongst all due speed together with caution.” Influenza A virus subtype H5N1 comprehend storey was concocted past times MJ-12 that attributed the Roswell debris to atmospheric condition enquiry balloons.
Authorities claimed that the recovered “aliens” did non originate on Earth, but could solely speculate every bit to where they had come upward from. Writing on the wreckage supposedly was indecipherable, leading to a hush-hush Air Force project, SIGN, to create upward one's postulate heed the craft’s role together with mission. The MJ-12 documents also refer to a vi Dec 1950 crash close El Indio, Texas, which had burned upward during entry into the atmosphere or upon impact.
When Dwight Eisenhower was elected president inwards 1952, the storey continues, he came into cognition of MJ-12 together with continued the high score of secrecy. He noted the implications for national safety together with maintained MJ-12 nether unopen wraps to avoid a “public panic.”
Moore, Friedman, together with Shandera became aware of the document when Shandera received a ringlet of cinema inwards Dec 1984 that contained images of the MJ-12 memo to Eisenhower. But skeptics pointed out a number of problems amongst the documents, together with challenged their authenticity.
Debunker Philip Klass constitute numerous discrepancies that called into interrogation the agency of dating (i.e., “18 November, 1952” rather than either Nov 18, 1952, or eighteen Nov. 1952, both of which were inwards mutual use, whereas the onetime was not). The type on the documents matched no typewriter inwards existence at the time, but did represent a Smith-Corona made inwards 1963.
Most damning, though, UFO skeptic Philip Klass constitute an exact duplicate of the Truman signature inwards the Library of Congress together with contended that the 1957 memo had forged Truman’s signature. But the documents were so realistic that fifty-fifty Defense Department agents assessed the MJ-12 items.
Moore, the mastermind behind the documents intrigue, claimed to have got played along amongst regime investigators to attain official data almost UFOs. Some accuse him of perpetrating a hoax. Stanton Friedman, who broke amongst Moore over other issues, nevertheless continued to endure involved inwards the MJ-12 debate past times publishing Top Secret/MAJIC inwards 1996.
He concluded that the documents appeared to have got been prepared past times people within government, but could non create upward one's postulate heed whether they were genuine or deliberate deceptions. Although he challenged approximately of Klass’s points used to discredit MJ-12, Friedman solely managed to “prove” noncontroversial truisms, such every bit the fact that those men on the listing would probable have got been on such a list, if i existed.
More damaging to the documents’ veracity, however, was a xiv July 1954 regime memo constitute past times Moore together with Shandera inwards the National Archives from the particular assistant to the president, Robert Cutler, to General Nathan Twining, which is to a greater extent than oftentimes than non regarded every bit a forgery together with a “plant.”
Despite Freedom of Information Act access, no i has produced whatever other documents specifically referring to either the existence of MJ-12 or alluding to whatever of their findings, salve extremely oblique references that could apply to whatever program.
Making matters fifty-fifty to a greater extent than complicated was the convenience of how the documents appeared—dropped onto Shandera’s front end porch inwards a patently dark-brown pocketbook at the really fourth dimension he was working amongst Moore on a UFO documentary. The farther expert fortune of the researchers, inwards that all the MJ-12 documents confirmed precisely what Moore had already written, caused fifty-fifty UFO conspiracy theorists to expect amongst disbelief upon the serendipitous delivery.
Another convenient fact was that every human named inwards the MJ-12 listing was dead when the documents mysteriously appeared, together with therefore they were unable to confirm the veracity of the listing or the group’s mission.
As charges together with countercharges flew, almost every somebody involved inwards the debate was defendant of beingness a CIA “plant” or regime “stooge.” Moore himself was viewed every bit spreading disinformation through forged documents so every bit to discredit “the movement.” On the other hand, Klass together with others were lambasted every bit regime fronts.