All conspiracy theories are based on a notion of hear command anyway, merely because they are based on a belief that a conspiracy is attempting to command people’s beliefs as well as actions. The term “sheeple,” used derogatorily past times conspiracy theorists to depict those who believe official authorities (dis)information, implies aspects of propaganda, brainwashing, as well as command of people’s thoughts.
Such a term is based on a binary opposition of “us” as well as “them” that dominates paranoid discourses of conspiracy where at that topographic point is, on the ane hand, an elite grouping that is on the within of mightiness as well as who have got truthful cognition of how reality functions while, on the other, at that topographic point is the “mass” who are on the exterior of mightiness as well as who only have got access to reality through the lies as well as disinformation disseminated past times the elite.
Mind command conspiracies have got this construction at their base, but problematize the notion of “inside” as well as “outside.” The paranoid private inwards conspiracy theory is relatively gratis from the command of the conspiracy (because she “recognizes” its existence as well as is hence able to detach him- or herself from it), creating an objective as well as meaningful individuality inwards opposition to the brainwashed “sheeple.”
Mind-control conspiracies have got a to a greater extent than complex set amongst regard to the notion of identity as well as the construction of the conspiracy that controls its victims, because the mind-control dependent area has an ambiguous status every bit to whether s/he is within or exterior the conspiracy.
On the ane hand, they are “inside” because they are doing the piece of job of the conspiracy grouping every bit a resultant of their conditioning, programming, or physical implant, but on the other hand, they are “outside” because they are doing so unwittingly every bit component of a conspiracy where they are a key element, but have got no command over their actions.
Hence, many of import conspiracy figures, such every bit Lee Harvey Oswald, Sirhan Sirhan, as well as Timothy McVeigh are presented inwards conspiracy theory inwards radically different ways, either every bit knowing participants within a larger conspiracy or every bit mind-controlled “patsies” who were used without their ain knowledge. Mind command is hence non easily understood every bit a conspiracy itself, because it does non have got a recognizable finish other than to ease the way for a larger conspiracy group.
As such, it is to a greater extent than a “sign” that a conspiracy is at piece of job inwards society, although inwards the works of Jim Keith, a seminal mind-control conspiracist, it has been imagined every bit the key shape of social command for groups such every bit the Nazis as well as the New World Order.
Anxieties as well as Concerns of Mind Control
The problematic nature of hear control, non to the lowest degree inwards the interrogation of whether it genuinely exists every bit a existent practise or every bit a meaningful psychological condition, despite the documented prove of the CIA’s MK-ULTRA program, leads to many issues that non only focus exactly about identity but also exactly about the body, reality, as well as knowledge. Mind-control conspiracies tin hold out understood inwards damage of half dozen key anxieties or cultural concerns:
- The decease of the self
- The decease of reality
- The “soulless” body
- The decease of the human
- The terminate of “knowledge”
However, because conspiracy does non command the dependent area from outside, but from within his or her consciousness (either through hypnosis, brainwashing as well as behavioral modification, drugs, or implants), such an opposition becomes problematic. The conspiracy is both within as well as exterior the self at the same time, amongst the resultant that mind-control victims are never sure as shooting whether their thoughts as well as desires are their ain or someone else’s.
Such a province of affairs maps a cultural concern over the stability of the self that tin hold out aligned amongst modern as well as postmodern concerns over consciousness as well as the interrogation of how far identity is constructed within consciousness as well as how far it is a production of external reality systems such every bit the circulation of information as well as images inwards guild or the operations of cultural ideology.
Related to this is the concern over the “death of reality.” If reality cannot hold out observed objectively every bit an empirical fact as well as so guaranteed past times the sense-perceptions of the private (because it is unclear whether it is a production of cognitive experience or created past times a program, an implant, or a conditioning procedure generated past times hear control) so it becomes an unknowable as well as uncertain phenomenon.
Such a concern plays out twentieth-century anxieties over the nature of reality, but also revisits older philosophical debates betwixt empiricism as well as metaphysics most what exists as well as how nosotros come upwardly to know it (ontology as well as epistemology, respectively), but from a paranoid perspective.
Where empiricism tends to believe inwards a reality that is knowable only through observation (arguably a paranoid perspective inwards itself), metaphysics assumes that cognition of reality is pre-given (usually inwards shape of the soul) where observation merely confirms what is already intuitively known.
Mind-control conspiracies reenact such a belief inwards a secular form, within which the soul is replaced past times a stuff (and often industrial) agent such every bit a programme or an implant, that has a malign, rather than a benign, influence, non only because it displaces gratis will, but also because it displaces God.
When considering such a position, it is unsurprising that many contemporary mind-control conspiracy theorists, such every bit Texe Marrs or Ron Patton, have got a fundamentalist Christian outlook. The quondam sees hear command inwards the functioning of “Project L.U.C.I.D.” which he claims is a far-reaching conspiracy to command all individuals through invasive technologies, piece the latter concocts an occult as well as satanic conspiracy behind the mythical Nazi/CIA mind-control programme “Project Monarch.”
What both articulate inwards their conspiracies is a fearfulness of the soulless body, a dominant characteristic of many mind-control narratives, which come across the self-willed torso replaced past times ane that merely follows a program. Many recent conspiracy theories have got made connections amongst hear command inwards monastic enjoin to envisage a guild where people are merely bodies or pieces of meat.
Conspiracy theories that focus on alien experimentation on humans or the usage of implants past times governments stand upwardly for an anxiety that the human torso is exactly a matter or a functional unit of measurement (for example, inwards remote viewing conspiracies, where a someone merely becomes a duad of eyes designed to discover as well as transmit data).
Related to such concerns are notions of the decease of the human, something that is most obvious inwards those UFO narratives that focus on the probing of the human torso as well as its change for usage past times aliens. In such conspiracies, the human torso is altered so that it no longer operates past times human desires, feelings, or thoughts, but every bit an alien torso past times proxy (controlled past times an alien mind), performing “inhuman” activities past times unknowingly conspiring against the human species.
An extension of such concerns tin also hold out establish inwards mind-control narratives that have got their footing inwards governmental conspiracies, every bit for illustration inwards the stories Cathy O’Brien tells of her experiences every bit a CIA gender activity slave, during which George Bush, Sr., is said to have got transformed into a lizard alien inwards front end of her, an imaginative trope that is designed to demo the inhumanity of hear control. The evolution of telemetric implants as well as fictionalizations of cyborg engineering on celluloid have got also led to a concern amongst the decease of the human, but this fourth dimension at the hands of technology.
In both alien as well as technological mind-control conspiracies, at that topographic point is an anxiety that humans are becoming less than human as well as to a greater extent than similar Descartes’s “animal-machine,” which is governed past times its instinct (or program) rather than past times rationality as well as thought. There is also a related concern that the hear as well as torso have got move separated because the torso is merely a soulless slice of meat whose “mind” exists externally inwards the hear of its human, cybernetic, or alien controller.
Telemetric implant as well as cyborg mind-control narratives stand upwardly for such a procedure past times reference to the transformation of the human into the machine as well as articulate a pervasive technophobia or fearfulness of scientific discipline that tin hold out seen inwards many other mind-control conspiracies, whether this command occurs through hypnotism (with its connections to mesmerism), Pavlovian conditioning, electroshock therapy, the usage of laboratory-created LSD, or through the introduction of literal implants, such every bit the “stimoceiver” (see below), into the human body.
Finally, mind-control conspiracies tin hold out seen to articulate a really postmodern concern amongst the terminate of knowledge. The fact that mind-control victims do non know whether their thoughts are their ain or those of another, transmitted to them through conditioning, programming, or the telemetric transmission of signals, highlights a concern that information is no longer knowable every bit an objectively verifiable truth.
Knowledge has move untrustworthy, partly because the private is unable to legitimate cognition whatever to a greater extent than but primarily because the information received is either strategic (where the mind-control puppet only has a version of truth that volition enable him or her to send out the task, every bit amongst Sirhan Sirhan, according to Alex Constantine) or is composed of disinformation, designed to mislead the mind-control victim into believing that reality is other than it genuinely is.
The Origins of Mind-Control Conspiracies
Although the inwards a higher house ideas advise that hear command is paradigmatic of postmodern conspiracy theory (because of the radical unknowability it creates amongst regard to every aspect of contemporary culture), hear command has its origins inwards industrial modernity.
As amongst many conspiracy theories, the genealogy of hear command takes inwards both fiction as well as history, albeit an invented choice history where scientific experimentation is rewritten every bit a hole-and-corner cabalistic programme that involves human torture as well as social applied scientific discipline on a large scale.
In some respects, such a portrayal tin hold out said to hold out accurate when applied, for example, to the Victorian practise of lobotomizing woman someone inmates of mental institutions, which entailed an obvious as well as destructive shape of hear control. However, most conspiracy discourses on hear command inwards the menstruation of modernity are characterized past times a paranoid anxiety over scientific inquiry, notably inwards the writings of Jim Keith.
In several texts, Keith has traced a history of hear command that incorporates early on experiments amongst hypnotism, eugenics, Freudian as well as Jungian psychiatry, behavioral psychology, as well as John Dewey’s educational theories, that when imaginatively linked, past times Keith, to governmental tidings agencies through key figures such every bit Cecil Rhodes, H. G. Wells, as well as Aldous Huxley generates early on signs of what was to move the New World Order.
Such a history is typical of mind-control conspiracies as well as many of the same figures or ideas constantly recur. The eighteenth-century Austrian physician Friedrich Anton Mesmer, for example, is given a key role inwards early on mind-control narratives because “mesmerism,” which was genuinely the application of magnetism to animate beingness or human bodies, has move synonymous amongst hypnotism inwards pop as well as conspiracy consciousness every bit a resultant of the belief that the usage of magnetic induction creates involuntary bodily movements that advise command of the mind.
Other of import figures inwards the genealogy of hear command are Sigmund Freud as well as the behaviorists B. F. Skinner as well as I. P. Pavlov. The latter is key to mind-control conspiracies because his experiments to get dogs to salivate at the sounding of a bell (which indicated that nutrient was on its way) have got move a prototype for anxieties over the possibility of a similar conditioning beingness applied to human beings.
Although the origins of hear command tin hold out establish inwards a reinvented history of psychological as well as medical science, at that topographic point are also elements that are based exclusively on fiction. George du Maurier’s new of 1894, Trilby, amongst its representation of the figure of Svengali, introduces ane of the initiatory of all images of a puppet-master controlling his protegé, Trilby, past times agency of hypnotism as well as mesmeric induction.
The omnipotent master copy controlling a slave inwards this way has move ane of the dominant images of contemporary mind-control narratives as well as finds form, for example, inwards conspiracies surrounding Project Monarch as well as CIA sex slave stories.
Another fictional influence of mind-control conspiracies tin hold out establish inwards cinematic representations where the concern over the robotic or zombielike nature of mind-control victims indicates how far mind-control conspiracies are a production of scientific discipline fiction as well as horror film.
The unthinking robot, controlled past times its program, or the zombie of 1930s Hollywood cinema, who is given an monastic enjoin that it slavishly obeys, are dominant figurations of the mind-controlled puppet who similarly has no hear of his or her own. Specifically, Fritz Lang’s Metropolis (1926) has a important house inwards forming the discourses of hear control.
It has an omnipotent controller inwards the Svengali mould, inwards the figure of Rottwang, whose representation every bit a “mad scientist” has been applied inwards conspiracy theory to historical figures such every bit Sidney Gottlieb as well as Ewen Cameron of the MK-ULTRA programme as well as to John B. Watson, who attempted to apply Pavlov’s experiments to humans.
The most of import facet of hear command inwards the film, however, is Rottwang’s creation of a robot that tin hold out controlled as well as its subsequent usage every bit a replacement for the rebel heroine, Maria, a exchange of the human past times the machine that acts every bit a displaced figuration of the mind-controlled victim.
Influenza A virus subtype H5N1 farther aspect of the celluloid that is of banking company notation for hear command is the depiction of the worker-slaves, who are presented every bit no different from the robot Rottwang creates because they are already programmed to deed as well as piece of job inwards a regimented fashion.
These influences advise that mind-control conspiracy theories have got their rootage inwards anxieties over the evolution of industrialization as well as its concomitant technologization of guild inwards the menstruation of modernity. The 2 primary cultural forces that mind-control conspiracies response to are the rationalization of industrial production as well as social organization, as well as the evolution of a volume culture.
These are concerns that are articulated past times Metropolis, for example, as well as that are extended inwards the contemporary societies of advanced economies (and most particularly, inwards the United States) inwards the hyper-rationalization as well as bureaucratization of everyday life (by governments and, increasingly, corporations) as well as inwards the extension of volume production to volume consumption.
Fear of rationalization is non confined to mind-control conspiracies and, indeed, tin hold out seen to hold out a staple of whatever conspiracy theory’s fearfulness of a hidden scheme controlling everyday life, but ane characteristic that is specific to hear command is the identification of the Nazis every bit key players inwards the creation of postwar projects such every bit Project Monarch (as Patton claims) or the influential role their eugenic experiments as well as propaganda techniques have got plainly had on areas every bit various every bit MK-ULTRA’s claimed interest inwards social applied scientific discipline or on the evolution of subliminal advertising.
The Nazis, every bit proponents of a totalitarian shape of rationalized social command as well as every bit architects of a volume civilization based on propaganda, move the nightmare of modernity that generates much mind-control conspiracy theory. They are also ane of the reasons why eugenics is ofttimes mentioned inwards relation to hear control, although this is also component of a to a greater extent than full general distrust of scientific discipline that characterizes mind-control theories.
The location of the origins of hear command inwards modernity tin thus hold out seen inwards the fears of rationalization generated past times the creation of many national as well as global institutions inwards this period, every bit good every bit past times a fearfulness of the “mass” that accompanies processes of industrial production, especially every bit these are applied to guild inwards Nazi ideology.
Such concerns tin hold out identified inwards mind-control conspiracies’ anxieties over the volume programming of individuals inwards contemporary guild every bit component of a wider endeavor to command guild past times a conspiracy group.
Mind command thus represents non a conspiracy inwards itself but constitutes, for conspiracy theorists, a symptom of larger conspiratorial projects based on anxieties over social as well as cultural structures that developed at the start of the twentieth century as well as that have got been extended into contemporary culture.
The Mass Media as well as Subliminal Advertising
One of the initiatory of all mind-control conspiracy theories of the postwar menstruation is related to this full general sense of a hole-and-corner manipulation of consciousness every bit a sign of some unknown conspiracy at piece of job inwards society.
Fears over the volume media as well as its apparent brain-washing of the U.S. world were a pervasive anxiety inwards the 1950s when the evolution of television set inwards conjunction amongst a civilization of consumerism as well as visual advertising led to an unease over the application of volume as well as rationalized structures to the social scene.
Such anxieties had already been raised past times Theodor Adorno as well as Max Horkheimer inwards their Marxist analysis of media institutions such every bit the Hollywood studio scheme as well as national radio inwards the the States of the 1940s, which, piece predominantly a give-and-take of the operations of ideology inwards society, tin hold out seen every bit a paranoid response to volume civilization inwards their concerns amongst the way citizens’ active interest inwards social relations is replaced past times a to a greater extent than passive reception of social as well as cultural values as well as beliefs.
The concern over the influence of television set as well as the volume media that developed inwards the 1950s, every bit detailed past times Marling, follows such a structure, but stems from a liberal intellectual concern over the “dumbing down” of society.
Influenza A virus subtype H5N1 to a greater extent than especial illustration of mass-media hear command tin hold out establish inwards ane of the founding mind-control texts, Vance Packard’s The Hidden Persuaders, published inwards 1957. Here, Packard drew attending to the practices used past times the advertising manufacture to influence consumers inwards their selection of products, implying a shape of hear command inwards the process, but he also mentioned experiments amongst subliminal advertising.
During the 1950s an advertising executive, James Vicary, allegedly developed subliminal advertising when he flashed the words “Eat Popcorn” as well as “Drink Coke” onto a pic house hide over the course of written report of a six-week experiment.
He claimed that at that topographic point had been a large rising inwards sales of these products every bit a resultant of his campaign, claims that led to pop fears most subliminal advertising, their investigation past times the Federal Communications Commission, as well as their banning inwards U.K. as well as Australia.
Subliminal advertising has had a important comport upon on conspiracy theory’s distrust of official media institutions every bit a resultant of such claims, despite the fact that Vicary afterwards admitted that he had fabricated his findings.
As a consequence, fears most subliminal messages on television set have got continued to have got currency inwards a multifariousness of ways, every bit Dan Kelly notes, inwards his give-and-take of Wilson Bryan Key’s allegations that the volume media is corrupting guild past times inserting images of gender activity as well as decease into its televisual programming.
Similarly, Texe Marrs’s claims most the evolution of a cyber-conspiracy involving the tracking of individuals through their purchases aligns itself amongst a fearfulness of the practices of the volume media, inwards its corporate forms, as well as grows out of this early on subliminal-advertising conspiracy theory.
More specifically, the credence of subliminal transmissions has also led to the conspiracy belief that media institutions are an extension of governmental forces or a manifestation of larger conspiracies because of the implication of brainwashing that this alleged practise entails.
Such a belief is argued past times Alex Constantine, who claims that a hole-and-corner governmental projection called Operation Mockingbird was created inwards monastic enjoin to usage television set every bit a propaganda medium. He goes farther than this, however, as well as also alleges that at that topographic point was some other program, called Operation Octopus, begun inwards 1948, that was a surveillance projection designed to plough televisions into transmitters that would, inwards Big Brother fashion, send images or messages to as well as from people’s living rooms.
CIA Mind Control: MK-ULTRA, as well as Manchurian Candidates
At the same fourth dimension that subliminal advertising was allegedly brainwashing the consumers of the United States, an actual mind-control programme was inwards operation, run past times the CIA as well as military machine tidings nether a multifariousness of code names (Projects Chatter, Bluebird, as well as Artichoke) but which inwards 1953 developed into an umbrella projection called MK-ULTRA.
Documented prove of these mind-control experiments became to a greater extent than widely known next governmental investigations inwards the 1970s, which revealed that MK-ULTRA, nether the command of Sidney Gottlieb, had engaged inwards 149 projects as well as sub-projects betwixt 1953 as well as 1963 as well as had investigated a broad hit of areas including the usage of electroshock, sensory deprivation, hypnotism, radiation, as well as drugs such every bit LSD inwards monastic enjoin to effect behavioral modifications inwards the tested subjects.
Many of these experiments were carried out on CIA as well as other governmental employees, but at that topographic point were also LSD projects that involved tests on unwitting subjects either within the military machine (such every bit Frank Olsen, who committed suicide after a psychotic trauma, maybe every bit a resultant of having been given LSD without his knowledge), inwards hospitals or, inwards ane case, a prison house for people convicted of drugs offenses.
Although MK-ULTRA dealt amongst many areas of hear control, it is the evolution as well as testing of LSD that has attracted the most attending because, inwards the shape of Operation Midnight Climax, it was taken out of governmental institutions as well as applied to the full general American public. In this phase, members of Earth were tested inwards apartments inwards New York as well as San Francisco, piece their responses were filmed or recorded through two-way mirrors.
MK-ULTRA has likely had the most comport upon on mind-control conspiracy theory because it provides substantiated prove for authorities interest inwards attempts to command people’s behavior. What began every bit a response to military machine concerns that the Soviet Union as well as PRC had developed truth drugs as well as brainwashing techniques has become, inwards conspiracy theory, component of a large-scale endeavor past times the authorities or other groups, such every bit the New World Order, to exercise domination through social engineering.
For conspiracy theorists, the authorities declaration that MK-ULTRA was a response to Soviet brainwashing during the Korean War is a encompass to conceal the reality of the program: the usage of hear command against U.S. citizens.
Alex Constantine, for example, dates the start of Project Mockingbird, the government/media conspiracy to command people’s minds through propaganda, to 1963 inwards monastic enjoin to signal that the terminate of the internal MK-ULTRA experiments was only the start of their existent purpose, which was their external application to the people of the United States. MK-ULTRA has also spawned “Manchurian Candidate” conspiracies, which have got their rootage inwards John Marks’s The Search for the Manchurian Candidate.
Marks’s volume is predominantly an line organisation human relationship of the LSD experiments of MK-ULTRA, but includes many oft-quoted chapters toward the terminate on the piece of job of Dr. Ewen Cameron inwards Montreal as well as on CIA hypnosis programs that plainly dealt amongst the interrogation of whether it would hold out possible to programme a human beingness inwards the initiatory of all instance as well as so whether an private could hold out programmed to hold out a mind-controlled assassin. This hypothesis has gained much popularity inwards conspiracy theory, especially inwards relation to the assassinations or attempted assassinations of political figures or celebrities since the 1960s.
It has variously been claimed that Lee Harvey Oswald, Sirhan Sirhan, Mark Chapman, as well as John Hinckley were all inwards some way programmed to perform deeds that they would otherwise hold out incapable of every bit witting human beings, but which they could perform if they were hypnotized past times governmental or conspiracy groups (Oswald as well as Sirhan) or brainwashed past times a conspiracy-controlled media (Chapman as well as Hinckley).
The latter set has move increasingly evident recently, amongst claims that the Columbine killers, Eric Harris as well as Dylan Klebold, were indoctrinated to deed every bit “Manchurian Candidates” past times a media civilization that volition create to a greater extent than of the same, a conspiracy theory that, similar Constantine’s Operation Mockingbird, sees the successful extension of CIA hear command into a programme of social applied scientific discipline on a national scale.
Project Monarch as well as CIA Sex Slaves
Project Mockingbird is only ane of several mind-control programs that has been imagined every bit a resultant of revelations most MK-ULTRA. One of the most important of these other mind-control conspiracies is Project Monarch, which originates amongst Cathy O’Brien’s volume most her experiences every bit a CIA mind-controlled sex slave, Trance Formation of America.
O’Brien relates how she was programmed nether Project Monarch, past times usage of the creation of a multiple personality disorder, hypnosis, as well as the usage of visual as well as auditory stimuli (such every bit Disney films) every bit good every bit occult training, to generate an choice personality that is able to perform degrading acts at the volition of a controller.
Such a conspiracy theory highlights the notion of the decease of the human that inheres within mind-control conspiracies, inwards that O’Brien develops a personality that tin hold out triggered so that it volition perform “inhuman” acts that her existent human self could non contemplate. Similar stories have got been offered past times Candy Jones, who, similar O’Brien, makes much of the her sensational revelations most gender activity amongst political figures as well as amongst celebrities.
Although fifty-fifty many conspiracy theorists (such every bit Keith) are skeptical of the sensational aspects of O’Brien’s story, many of her “revelations” most hear command inwards Project Monarch have got entered conspiracy culture.
As a resultant of her book, belief inwards satanic as well as occult practices every bit good every bit allegations of child abuse often accompany contemporary stories most Project Monarch, associations that, similar the before linking of eugenics amongst hear control, are designed to demonstrate how unnatural as well as inhuman a procedure it is to divorce someone from his or her existent identity past times creating a substitute personality that tin hold out triggered at will.
It is the Project Monarch conspiracy theory that has done much to spawn the notion of the mind-controlled puppet, as well as its usage of programs as well as “trigger” devices has move widely accepted every bit existent processes inwards the practise of hear control. Project Monarch conspiracy theories also listing inwards especial the code-names as well as levels of mind-controlled subjects that the CIA has operating for it:
- Alpha, which is full general programming
- Beta, sex-slave programming
- Gamma, programming to permit the dependent area to deceive as well as misdirect
- Theta, psychic programming designed to create assassins
- Omega, a self-destruct programming
What such a sentiment also indicates is that, different other mind-control conspiracy theories, Project Monarch is no longer merely a functional way of getting people to do a conspiracy’s bidding or fifty-fifty a sign of a conspiracy at work, but has move a conspiracy inwards itself amongst its ain objectives, operations, as well as connections amongst other conspiracy groups, such every bit the Illuminati, Skull as well as Bones, or the New World Order.