Emerging during the Second Great Awakening, the Millerites were followers of the millenarian teachings of a self-made preacher named William Miller (1782–1849). Miller, who was born inwards Pittsfield, Massachusetts, was an unlikely candidate to atomic number 82 a large religious movement. Miller, a deist for a time, had experiences inwards the War of 1812 that led him to a to a greater extent than active religious life.
After moving to Low Hampton, New York, too attention a Baptist church, he took a potent involvement inwards the Second Coming of Christ. Miller studied the Bible too constructed a timeline for what he believed were the speedily approaching “End Times.” Hesitantly, he stated that terminate would come upwardly old betwixt 21 March 1843 too 21 March 1844.
His writings were detailed too meticulous, focusing on the Book of Daniel too the Book of Revelation. After many years of failing to convince ministers too preachers of the accuracy of his predictions, Miller reluctantly took to preaching himself inwards 1833. In 1838 he gained a highly skilled too valuable follower named Joshua V. Himes.
H5N1 hardworking abolitionist, Himes helped to grapple Miller’s affairs too published several Adventist newspapers such equally the Midnight Cry too Signs of the Times, which proclaimed Miller’s message. The papers sought to link electrical flow events to Miller’s timeline piece alert Earth close the coming apocalypse. Only alongside the assist of Himes did Millerism attract a large following.
The Millerites, although oftentimes assumed to endure from the piteous too lower classes, genuinely came from all classes, tended to endure from a rural background, too had a diverseness of professions too religious affiliations.
Miller encouraged his followers to stay alongside their denominations for most of his career. Unlike previous millenarians, the Millerites had no existent political agenda, too they focused solely on the imminent Second Coming of Christ.
It is unclear just how many Millerites in that place were, simply about estimates house the figure at 50,000 committed followers alongside many thousands to a greater extent than cautiously interested too lukewarm followers. One of Miller too Himes’s most successful methods for recruiting followers was their purpose of the traveling “Great Tent” for revival meetings.
As the campaign grew, other meetings began to occur on a regular footing throughout the northeastern United States, too particularly inwards New York State’s “Burned-Over District” (so named for the repeated waves of religious revival which “burned over” the area). As 1843 approached the campaign became to a greater extent than cohesive too suffered to a greater extent than critical scrutiny at the hands of the press.
Horace Greeley’s Tribune spent an entire number attacking Millerism. The competency too motivations of the movement’s leaders were questioned. Some of the to a greater extent than radical elements inside the Millerites responded past times declaring their opponents to endure Antichrists too calling for separation from existing churches too denominations.
As the “final year” came too passed, the Millerites felt a deep feel of disappointment too uncertainty. William Miller sent out a message to his followers declaring that he had been false close the date, simply he nonetheless felt that the terminate of fourth dimension was approaching rapidly. While Miller too Himes continued preaching, about other Millerite minister, Samuel Snow, gear upwardly a novel appointment for the Second Coming.
Snow stated that Christ would furnish on the Hebrew Day of Atonement—22 Oct 1844. Although Miller was reluctant to select about other appointment for the furnish of Christ, he was pressured into acknowledging Snow’s appointment equally a possibility. There was shortly to a greater extent than anticipation for the novel prediction than in that place had been for the previous one.
Popular images too writings request keep portrayed the Millerites equally dressing inwards white robes too climbing to hilltops too rooftops on 22 Oct 1844, although this has never been verified. The failure of Snow’s prediction, instantly known equally the Great Disappointment, brought a novel moving ridge of criticism from the press too charges of dishonesty. Many urban intellectuals viewed Millerism equally a shape of insanity.
Amariah Bringham, caput of Utica State Lunatic Asylum, stated that fifty-fifty though most Millerites were normal, their teachings were a threat to mental wellness too to future generations. Only close 170 Millerites were institutionalized inwards the United States, simply the numbers didn’t forestall Millerism from becoming the stereotype for religious mania too delusions.
Miller too Himes never 1 time again advocated an exact appointment for the Second Coming. They instructed their followers to alive equally if every 24-hour interval could endure the end. The campaign shortly broke into groups too factions, alongside the most prominent existence the Seventh Day Adventists.