On 31 Dec 1967, at a political party hosted past times Abbie as well as Anita Hoffman as well as attended past times Jerry Rubin, Nancy Kurshan, as well as Paul Krassner, the drive known equally Yippie!—the Youth International Party (YIP)—was born.
Guided past times Hoffman as well as Rubin, the clown-princes of “the Movement” during the Vietnam era, the Yippies attempted, through myth, media savvy, as well as guerrilla house to bind the hippie counterculture as well as the politicized New Left into a powerful youth drive capable of creating an choice U.S. society.
By edifice on their before media attention-grabbing protestation events, such equally the August 1967 episode of coin throwing as well as burning at the New York Stock Exchange as well as the Oct 1967 National Mobilization to End the War inwards Vietnam march on the Pentagon where the duo took constituent inwards an attempted exorcism as well as levitation of the building, Hoffman as well as Rubin attempted to role the pop press to publicize YIP as well as garner back upwardly for their ideological views.
The Yippies were i of a issue of like shooting fish in a barrel 1960s countercultural movements who non exclusively viewed the institution equally amounting to a conspiracy, only also self-consciously styled themselves equally a counterconspiracy.
The Yippies’ kickoff major media final result took house on 27 Feb 1968, when members of the grouping “raided” the campus of the State University of New York (SUNY)–Stoney Brook mimicking a recent on-campus drug-bust.
Following this action, on 22 March 1968, the Youth International Party held a “Yip-In” at New York City’s Grand Central Station. Six K potential Yippies congregated amidst incense as well as balloons—so did officers of the New York Police Department.
When a demonstrator removed the hands from a large clock, the constabulary attacked, making 50 arrests as well as throwing i demonstrator through a plate drinking glass door. This melee, however, was exclusively a prelude to the major summertime final result the Yippies had planned—the Festival of Life.
Coinciding amongst the August 1968 Democratic National Convention (DNC), the Yippie Festival of Life sought to select tens of thousands of people to Chicago to launch a demonstration that would cease the state of war inwards Vietnam as well as usher inwards a new, gratuitous society.
The Yippies aimed to counterpose what they saw equally the political “convention of death,” as well as they planned to include a huge rock-folk festival, numerous house performances, educational workshops, as well as a “constitutional convention.”
Chicago Mayor Richard Daley, who had promised to select local, state, as well as federal powers to demeanour against anyone attempting to disrupt the convention, thwarted YIP efforts at achieving the total aims of the festival. Instead, Daley’s tactics forced confrontations betwixt his constabulary forcefulness as well as those who had come upwardly to protestation the DNC.
Despite repressive regime tactics, the Yippies succeeded inwards nominating a pig, “Pigasus,” for president, providing a brief stone concert, causing an LSD scare past times threatening to lace the Chicago H2O provide amongst the drug, as well as providing drive workshops on guerrilla house as well as protestation maneuvers.
The events surrounding the convention drew to a climax when, on the nighttime of 29 August, a “police riot” broke out when Daley’s lawmen violently assaulted protesters, journalists, as well as bystanders alike. Hoffman as well as Rubin would after move indicted on conspiracy charges, for their activities during the convention, equally constituent of the Chicago vii trial.
The Yippies continued to garner media attending inside as well as exterior the Movement for the residual of the 1960s as well as into the 1970s. At the 1972 Democratic National Convention, held inwards Miami Beach, Florida, the younger faction of the Youth International Party, the “Zippies” (or Zeitgeist International Party) broke amongst the older YIP members.
Hoffman as well as Rubin, who conditionally supported the peace platform of Democratic presidential candidate George McGovern, were seen equally institution “sell-outs” past times the younger YIP faction, whereas the older Yippies objected to the Zippies’ outrageous street comedy, which they viewed equally overly roughshod satire.
As the ability as well as momentum of the Movement declined, then did the visibility of the Yippies. Beginning inwards the 1970s, YIP published the Yipster Times (later renamed Overthrow) as well as the Youth International Party Line or YIPL (later known equally TAP [Technological American Party or Technological Assistance Program]) magazine.
By the 1980s, the Yippies were best known for their “smoke-ins” (which developed into annual “pot parades” promoting the legalization of marijuana), crank telephone telephone outcry upwardly wars amongst Yippie enemies, as well as maintenance of their protestation as well as demonstration staging point, the Yippie loft—an story inwards New York City’s East Village that has served equally the group’s headquarters since 1973.